Poultry farm biosecurity is one of the main challenges within the poultry sector. Even though the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) is working on implementing the poultry disease control strategic plan, developed by ENTAG in 2018, biosecurity is still a rising critical issue bringing negative impacts on production in small, medium to commercial largescale farms.
In response to this, ENTAG’s Poultry Sector 11th platform meeting was held on December 17, 2019 to discuss the current biosecurity challenges in and around Bishoftu and find short and long term solutions. The meeting attracted 61 attendants from the private sector, governmental offices, NGOs and the Private Sector Association. Prior to the discussion, two presentations covering the concept of vaccination and poultry farm biosecurity and an overview of the current status on biosecurity in Bishoftu was given by the National Veterinary Institute (NVI) and an the Bishoftu town Urban Agricultural Office respectively.
The meeting was a great opportunity to identify possible solutions, discuss way forward and establish a taskforce to follow up on the action points agreed upon. A taskforce composed of members from the National Animal Health Diagnostic Centre (NAHDIC), National Veterinary Institute (NVI), Oromia National Regional State Bureau of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Urban Agricultural Office, Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute (EMDIDI), Bishoftu town municipality and the Ethiopian Poultry Producers and Processors Association (EPPPA) was established to follow upon actions points, EPPPA was nominated to lead the taskforce.
The Ethiopia pulses and spices/herbs sector is still at its infant stage, and compared to the country’s potential, production, export and consumption of spice/herbs and pulses is very low. The recent increasing global attention given to food safety and quality standards is highly affecting the many efforts happening at different levels to strengthen the sector. Especially the issue of aflatoxin in Ethiopia spices and pulse export is by far becoming a major quality and food safety issue that has been raised repeatedly in 2014, 2015 and 2016.
This briefing note summarizes the issue, the intervention and lessons learned from BENEFIT-ENTAG spice, herbs and pulses sub-sector, to resolve issue of aflatoxin in Ethiopia spices and pulse export.
On December 21, 2019, BENEFIT-REALISE Woldia University (WDU) Cluster held a multi-stakeholders consultative workshop on mung bean value chain to review the success of the programme in mung bean technology demonstration, discuss its relevance in the region, share experiences in innovation platform and establish a mung bean platform to address challenges in the mung bean value chain. The workshop was relevant to bring key stakeholders together to better understand the current status of mung bean production and management in the country and decide on steps to establish a mung bean platform where challenges find solutions towards creating mung bean revolution in the Amhara region.
The morning sessions and presentations were on the current status of mung bean production in the country, the major challenges in relation mung bean production and management in the value chain and understanding quality parameters for the international market. The discussion that followed covered issues related to exploiting the nutritional value of mung bean by designing food preparation trainings; the role of extension in addressing issues related to agronomic practices and the need to work with cooperatives and unions to address seed and market issues.
In the afternoon, the presentations and discussions were more forward looking into the value of setting up a mung bean platform and agree on members, their roles and responsibilities, and actions to follow. One of the presentations focused on learning from BENEFIT-ENTAG’s experiences on setting objectives, approaches and key performance indicators the programme uses to evaluate its success. The opportunity to link the platform with the recently established Pulse Council to maximize their value was discussed.
The afternoon sessions also included reviewing BENEFIT-REALISE mung bean technology demonstration, scaling up and seed production plan for 2020.
- An overview of BENEIT-REALISE 2019 activities and accomplishments by Dr. Baye Berihun, BENEFIT-REALISE WED Cluster Manager
- “Status of mung bean production and management” by Dr. Birhanu Amsalu Fenta, National Lowland Pulse Research Program Coordinator from Melkasa Research Center
- ECX national and global quality parameters for mung beans international market by Guesh G/Meskel from Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX), Kombolcha Branch
- Experiences and challenges of multi-stakeholders platform in North Eastern Amhara, by Tamirat Tesfaye, BENEFIT-REALISE WDU cluster Agronomist
- “Sector Platform Establishment and Facilitation” by Helen Getaw, BENEFIT-ENTAG Deputy Manager
The workshop was attended by over 50 participants including Deputy Head of Regional Bureau of Agriculture Dr. Solomon Assefa, Woldia University President Dr. Abebe Girma, National lowland Pulse Research Program Coordinator Dr. Birhanu Amsalu Fanta, and representatives from Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX), extension experts, Development Agents (DAs), BENEFIT management, Dr. Tewodros Tefera (REALISE) and Helen Getaw (ENTAG) and other relevant staff members.
For more information on BENEFIT-REALISE go to https://benefitrealise.org/
As part of its youth interventions, BENEFIT-REALISE programme designed pilot interventions and in-depth studies to generate evidence and compile lessons to inform policy making/ revision decisions as well as the design of youth interventions. One of the planned activities is an in-depth study on youth interventions to be conducted by Arsi University Cluster, targeting two kebeles in Zeway Dugda and two kebleles in Negelle Arsi woredas. The study will be informed by primary data gathered through key informant interviews and focus group discussions with community members as well as relevant stakeholders.
Prior to field level data collection, a workshop was conducted on December 12 -13, 2019 to better understand the processes involved in qualitative research (data collection, transcription, coding, categorizing, data reduction, analysis and report writing); agree on the sampling frame and sample size; review the checklists for in-depth interview and focus group discussions and agree on the way forward. The research team composed of seven participants from BENEFIT-REALISE Arsi Cluster, Kulumsa Research Center, Woreda Food Security Office participated in the workshop. The workshop that was facilitated by an independent consultant included practical exercises that helped further refine the research methodology and build common understanding on the research process. The findings of the research as expected at the of February 2020.
Ethiopian higher officials who are senior advisors of BENEFIT-REALISE programme at national level conducted experience sharing visit to Rwanda on December 9-13 2019. The visit was led by his H.E Dr. Kaba Urgessa, State Minister, MoA, heading the Natural Resources and Food Security Sector and consisted of Dr. Mandefro Nigussie, Director General of Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and W/ro Yenenesh Egu, Director of Agricultural Extension, MoA. The three higher officials have been working as national senior advisors of BENEFIT-REALISE programme. The advisors were accompanied by three BENEFIT-REALISE programme management team members.
The visit was organized by BENEFIT-REALISE programme in consultation with Rwanda Cooperation Initiative. The objective of the visit was to learn from Rwanda experiences and contribute to Ethiopian institutional capacity building targeted by the programme. To achieve objective of the visit, the team visited and discussed with Rwandan Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources, Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB), Rwanda Cooperation Initiative (RCI), the Netherlands Embassy to Rwanda, Ethiopian Embassy to Rwanda, and Bank of Kigali in Kigali. The delegation visited a potato value chain in Musanze district of Northern Province and soil conservation terraces in Ngororero district of Western province.
Experiences on potato value chain, supported by Bank of Kigali in credit supply for inputs in non-cash approach and the interface of agricultural research and extension are good experiences, among others, that Ethiopian delegate would consider. The home grown solution called Imihigo has helped Rwanda to change the long standing political, social and economic challenges it faced. Imihigo is a cultural practice in which an individual sets himself targets to be achieved within a specific period of time. For the near future, teams were established from both countries to identify areas where the countries can learn from each other through well planned exchange visits.
BENEFIT-REALISE Bahir Dar University (BDU) Cluster held field days on wheat production technologies in Enebsie Sar Midir (ESM) Woreda, and improved potato technologies in Lay Gaint Woreda on August 19 and October 12, 2019 respectively. The field days were organized in collaboration with woreda offices.
The visit in ESM woreda showcased wheat production technologies including 1000 Birr bread wheat small seed pack pilot, bread wheat PVS and demonstration of improved bread wheat technologies. The field day in Lay Gaint Woreda was organized to showcase the performance of Belete variety potato.
The visits attracted close to 300 participants, representing PSNP and non-PSNP farmers, high level officials from hosting woreda administration offices, Amhara National Regional State (ANRS) Bureau of Agriculture, ANRS Disaster Prevention and Food Security Programme Coordination office, NGOs (FH and Vita), universities’ community service and research officials (Debre Tabor University, BDU and Debre Makose Universities), Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI) and Adet Agricultural Research Center, Office of Cooperative Promotion, union officials (Guna and Motta), local potato seed producer association, agriculture experts, woreda communication office, kebele development agents, and BENEFIT programmes.
On December 2, 2019, BENEFIT–PCU organized a half-day workshop on agriculture and nutrition linkages in BENEFIT programmes (ISSD, REALISE, SBN, ENTAG and CaNaG (CASCAPE Nutrition and Gender)) to reflect on Nutrition Sensitive Agriculture (NSA) lessons learned and identify key areas of future engagements and research opportunities. Over 20 participants representing the World Bank, Capacity Development Support Facility (CDSF), Feed the Future Ethiopia Value Chain Activity (FTFE-VCA), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), BENEFIT programmes staff from Addis Ababa, regions and Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation (WCDI) attended the workshop.
The workshop included presentations on FAO conceptual framework – ten principles to make projects more nutrition sensitive and how to operationalize it in BENEFIT programmes; lessons learned from five programmes and a discussion on gaps, new areas of interest and research opportunities BENEFIT should include in its future interventions.
And future areas of engagement identified included developing strategies in the area of nutrition collaboration, Behavioral change communication, mobilizing finance to ensure sustainability of the project interventions; using available technologies to process and improve the shelf life of home gardening and engage women in vegetable and fruit production without adding to their already existing work burden; linking nutrition with food safety measures at house hold level; ensure seed availability and access at local level by supporting seed multiplication efforts; and documenting evidence based lessons learned to share with the wider population.
The participants also discussions challenges related to access to market, labor, seed availability and water scarcity; working closely with the government and other research centers; issues related to planting nutrition crop beyond home gardening on larger farm land; consumption verses income when introducing cash crops; preference of farmers to engage in high productivity crops verse nutrition dense crops; working with agro dealers and Seed Producer Cooperatives (SPCs) willing to work on fruit and vegetables; and the relevance of looking at systems level rather than activities.