ENTAG published a booklet ‘ENTAG Impact 2016-2020’, that highlights the programme’s impact achievement in the area of font desk and technical support, platform meetings, B2B and market linkage, innovation fund, PSA support and Internship programme.
Category Archives: ENTAG news
In response to the request of the Embassy of the Kingdome of the Netherlands, BENEFIT-ENTAG implemented a one and half year pilot project that aimed at linking fresh graduates in fields related to agriculture, with agribusiness companies in Ethiopia. The pilot was developed to in-house train and capacitate young graduates. Through this initiative, 189 agricultural graduates (35% female, 65% male) were assigned to 88 agribusiness companies from 1 August 2018 to 31 December 2019. In addition to four months on job training, about 90% of them also received entrepreneurship training.
At the end of the pilot, the programme shared its achievements, challenges and lessons learned with stakeholders interested in job creation projects/initiatives to use as input in their interventions – one of them Maastricht School of Management. The University approached BENEFIT-ENTAG in 2019, to get an input in designing an intervention on capacitating ATVETs and linking their graduates with agribusinesses. The project lessons were found very useful and were used to finalize its project design and start its intervention in 2020.
Following this, the Bright Future for Agriculture (BFA) project of MSM invited BENEFIT-ENTAG to its planning workshop on Jan 26, 2021, to share its experience with participants from ATVETs, universities, agribusinesses and education bureaus. The information shared was used to further refine their planning.
To get more information on BENEFIT-ENTAG Internship Programme read here.
Like many businesses in the world, COVID 19 is negatively affecting the poultry sector in Ethiopia. In order to identify the major effects on the sector, BENEFIT-ENTAG in collaboration with EPPPA (Ethiopian Poultry Producers and Processors Association) conducted a quick assessment in June 2020, through a questionnaire survey distributed to poultry stakeholders. The findings highlighted huge losses related to reduced access to input supplies; reduced access to market; impact on employment; lack of storage facilities leading to wastage of products; increasing feed price and unregulated market.
To share the findings and discuss the recommendations proposed, BENEFIT- ENTAG with the collaboration of EPPPA and MoA successfully held its 12th poultry platform meeting on August 7. The online meeting was attended by 20 representatives from MoA (Dr. Fikru Regassa, State Minister of Livestock), EPPPA, VDFACA, SNV, EMDIDI, MOFEC, Animal Health Input Suppliers (Zoetis, Ceva), Poultry producers and ENTAG.
Dr. Fikru Regassa acknowledged the value of the recommendations and noted they should be incorporated in the Ministry’s COVID 19 response plan. He also advised to divide the recommendations into short term and long term, where MoA will take the lead to providing short term support to producers, and establishing a forum with concerning government stakeholders to prioritize the long term issues such as availing forex. He also highlighted the relevance of working on import substitutions, especially parent stock, since relying on parent stock import is a major bottleneck of the sector. In addition, promoting domestic consumption to stimulate market and in general organizing forums related to enabling conditions on poultry health and breeding was mentioned as a way forward.
In addition to working with relevant stakeholders to mitigate the effect of the pandemic, BENEFIT-ENTAG is currently representing the poultry sector in a technical team organized to develop an “Ethiopian Agriculture Rural Development Policy” where all livestock and poultry policy related issues are expected to be addressed.
BENEFIT-ENTAG published a Business Opportunity Report: Spices sector in Ethiopia that looks at major trends in the development of the spices sector in the world, Europe and African and specifically the trends and business opportunities in Ethiopia. The report that was developed by Advance Consulting aims to promote one of the high export potential sectors in Ethiopia and support the development of strategies leveraging existing opportunities identified.
The report gives an overview of trends in spice production, supply, market, trade and consumption in different parts of the world and business opportunities and challenges related to major spices produced in the country (turmeric, chili, ginger, black pepper, black cumin seeds, coriander seeds, black cardamom). Looking at stakeholders’ landscape, it gives a summary of the role the government, development partners and farmer organizations play in the development of the sector.
Read the report here.
Like many countries in the world, the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected most businesses in Ethiopia. One of these businesses is the pulses sector. According to the CSA 2018/2019 data, pulse covered 12.73 % of the grain crop area and 9.54% of the grain production. The most prominent export pulses are haricot bean, chickpea and faba beans.
The recent rapid assessment conducted by BENEFIT-ENTAG tries to briefly zoom in and see COVID-19’s pressure on: (i) availability on agri-inputs; (ii) farmers mobility; (iii) pulse production; (iv) pulse export; and (v) pulse price and employment.
Among others, the rapid assessment highlights there could be a loss of 600 to 900 thousand metric tons pulse production and associated decline by 9.5% in 2020. While there has been a change in price at local markets the pandemic has had relatively small impact on employment, with only 3 % job loss. The recommendation focused on availing agricultural inputs to farmers, maintaining supply chains (production), simplifying customs procedures and increasing percentage share of pulse export.
On June 9, 2020, BENEFIT-ENTAG published a brief that outlines the major effects of COVID-19 on the performance of the Ethiopian poultry sector and specific recommendations the government and other development partners should consider to minimize the already observed negative impact. The brief was based on a quick assessment conducted through a survey distributed to (15) medium to high Poultry farms representing commercial farms and selective telephone interviews.
Prior to COVID-19, commercial poultry farms have been expanding, increasing the production rate of commercial poultry farms to meet the increasing demand in the country. Now, the pandemic is negatively impacting the sector and poultry production and consumption rates are declining greatly. The shortage of day old chicks that sustain the production cycle and the escalating price of chicken products is a clear indication that we are approaching the days where scarcity of chicken products is unavoidable. As chicken has a huge role in producers economy and income and household nutrition and food security, it is imperative for all actors to support continuity of activities of the sector to meet the growing demand.
Major challenges highlighted included (i) reduced access to inputs; (ii) reduced access to market; (iii) impact on employment; (iv) lack of storage facilities and wastage of products; and (v) increasing feed price and unregulated market.
Recommendations focused on
- Organize grouped slaughtering points and support the installation of a cold chain;
- Support a well-functioning market linkage;
- Mitigate short-term COVID-19 impacts via dedicated financial facilities;
- Improve access to foreign currency to expedite import of essential inputs; and
- Promote consumption through national campaigns, ensuring emergency measures do not affect the supply chain and addressing logistics issues
|No||Production||Production rate after COVID-19||Total Loss in ETB||Remarks|
|1||Feed||Reduced by 92%||135,281,789|
|2||Day old chicks||Reduced by 68%||74,120,800||3,500 parent stocks have been lost due to slaughtering|
|4||Broilers||Reduced by 87%||13,551,500||3,000kg has been disposed due to spoilage and 50,000 birds have died due to prolonged stay in production|
|Employee status before and after COVID-19|
|Employees before the pandemic||Employees laid off after the pandemic|
|Permanent emplyees – 1728 (Male 1072, Female 656)||Permanent emplyees – 31 (Male 20, Female 11)|
|Temporory employees – 214 (Male 14, Female 73)||Temporory employees – 19 (Male 9, Female 10)|
On behalf of the agricultural bureau of the Netherlands Embassy in Addis Ababa and with great support of BENEFIT-ENTAG, the Netherlands-African Business Council (NABC) recently published two documents that provide in-depth information on opportunities for both the private and public Dutch poultry sector in Ethiopia. The report ‘Poultry sector cooperation between the Netherlands and Ethiopia’ and the factsheet Poultry Ethiopia include knowledge related to special requests from the Dutch sector, challenges and suggestions for support of Dutch companies already doing business in or with Ethiopia. The aim of the research is to inform the Dutch business community and to help guide the Embassy’s interventions.
The reports are based on data from the Business opportunity report ‘Invest in the Ethiopian poultry sector 2020 (ENTAG 2020)’, reports by World Bank, CSA and FAO (2016-2019) as well as interviews with both existing and potential Dutch investors and suppliers (2019).
Click here to learn more on BENEFIT-ENTAG poultry sector interventions.
Extracted from Poultry opportunities in Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian spices sub-sector has been characterized by use of poor yielding varieties, traditional production technologies and agronomic practices, with a lengthy value chain, adulteration, improper post-harvest handling, and high market volatility. Subsequently the export of Ethiopian spices never passed USD$2.6 million in value.
To enhance the Ethiopian export trade and private sector development the BENEFIT-ENTAG programme has been working on addressing market constraints of the spice sectors through creating better market linkages, technical and financial support to innovations, capacity building activities, and platform meetings.
In 2019, BENEFIT-ENTAG helped 14 private companies and two unions, introducing modern spices production technologies and out-grower scheme business models. The programme’s effort in strengthening market linkages focused on working with buyers based in United Arab Emirates and India resulting in more than one million USD export of Ethiopian spices. ENTAG facilitated a contract volume of 1617MT of Turmeric, Rosemary and Ajwain seed worth $1.075 million among three Ethiopian exporters and three foreign buyers based in India and United Arab Emirates. A business network has been established among 14 Ethiopian private companies, two unions, international spice and herbs buyers and technology suppliers.
- Inclusive trade support with technical capacity building training on production and marketing, trade missions, both forward and backward integration, and active involvement of private and government actors across the whole value chain were key success factors.
- The increasing credibility of BENEFIT-ENTAG and its effort to work in parallel with key stakeholders at regional and federal levels, such as Ethiopian Coffee, Tea and Spices Agency, Ethiopian exporters, commercial investors, traders, development agents, model farmers, cooperative and union leaders, was fundamental to create familiarity and build trust resulting in efficient and effective communication and follow-ups.
- Major challenges encountered included limited technical support in export contract facilitation and backward integration, need for export procedure and technical manuals to minimize contract defaults, and the need to work on disease outbreak and adulteration practice (ginger disease) that corrupts the quality of products caused reduction of export volume.
Poultry farm biosecurity is one of the main challenges within the poultry sector. Even though the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) is working on implementing the poultry disease control strategic plan, developed by ENTAG in 2018, biosecurity is still a rising critical issue bringing negative impacts on production in small, medium to commercial largescale farms.
In response to this, ENTAG’s Poultry Sector 11th platform meeting was held on December 17, 2019 to discuss the current biosecurity challenges in and around Bishoftu and find short and long term solutions. The meeting attracted 61 attendants from the private sector, governmental offices, NGOs and the Private Sector Association. Prior to the discussion, two presentations covering the concept of vaccination and poultry farm biosecurity and an overview of the current status on biosecurity in Bishoftu was given by the National Veterinary Institute (NVI) and an the Bishoftu town Urban Agricultural Office respectively.
The meeting was a great opportunity to identify possible solutions, discuss way forward and establish a taskforce to follow up on the action points agreed upon. A taskforce composed of members from the National Animal Health Diagnostic Centre (NAHDIC), National Veterinary Institute (NVI), Oromia National Regional State Bureau of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Urban Agricultural Office, Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute (EMDIDI), Bishoftu town municipality and the Ethiopian Poultry Producers and Processors Association (EPPPA) was established to follow upon actions points, EPPPA was nominated to lead the taskforce.
Aflatoxin in Pulses: the case of BENEFIT-ENTAG contribution to the spice, herbs and pulses sectors in Ethiopia
The Ethiopia pulses and spices/herbs sector is still at its infant stage, and compared to the country’s potential, production, export and consumption of spice/herbs and pulses is very low. The recent increasing global attention given to food safety and quality standards is highly affecting the many efforts happening at different levels to strengthen the sector. Especially the issue of aflatoxin in Ethiopia spices and pulse export is by far becoming a major quality and food safety issue that has been raised repeatedly in 2014, 2015 and 2016.
This briefing note summarizes the issue, the intervention and lessons learned from BENEFIT-ENTAG spice, herbs and pulses sub-sector, to resolve issue of aflatoxin in Ethiopia spices and pulse export.
On October 17, 19 and 20, 2019 PRANA Events organized AQUACULTURE ETHIOPIA 2019 exhibition where over 100 exhibitors, including 10 foreign companies participated. The Expo, that included ALEC 2019, ETHIOPEX 2019, and Apiculture Ethiopia 2019 partner events was attended by more than a 1000 visitors, and was held at the Millennium Hall and Keranyo Plaza in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The exhibition attracted major aquaculture value chain exhibitors and aquaculture-associated institutions, including EHY Fish Production and Marketing Enterprise, Alema Koudijs Feed PLC, China-based Goldlong Machinery and Engineering Co., cooling system suppliers, the Ethiopian Aquaculture Association, Ethiopia-Netherlands Trade for Agricultural Growth Programme (BENEFIT-ENTAG), Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute.
BENEFIT-ENTAG, Aquaculture Sub-sector Coordinator, Dr. Abebe Ameha Mengistu presented “Business Opportunities in Ethiopian Aquaculture” followed by interactive discussion with the participants. Overall, the event was valuable to promote fish business and respond to questions related availability of technical support, supply of inputs and profitability of aquaculture business.
Dr Abebe Ameha Mengistu
Aquaculture Sector Coordinator
BENEFIT/ENTAG – http://www.entag.org
SAN Building, Bisrate-Gebriel area
Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA
Prana Events, A Division of Fairteam Trading PLC
Bole Medhanialem Lucky Building
PO Box 17500, Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA
Tel.: +251 116 184365 / Fax: +251 116 621 202
Mob.: +251 929 308 366
Given the Ethiopian poultry sector challenges and the country’s GTP II goal for poultry production boost, Ethiopian Netherlands Trade for Agricultural Growth program (ENTAG) (2016-2019), part of the BENEFIT Partnership in Ethiopia works to address food safety and quality challenges in poultry sector through various interventions.
ENTAG’s intervention in the poultry sector focuses on organizing regular platform meetings in order to identify sectoral challenges, policy level issues and strengthen networking among key stakeholders in the poultry sector. Furthermore, ENTAG has been doing capacity building activities through organizing trainings, business to business sessions, company visit programs in order to enhance the capacity of companies that are involved in poultry production and processing.
This briefing note gives an overview of the current situation, corresponding institutional gaps, proposed interventions followed by further actions needed.
Ethiopia offers numerous advantages to foreign investors interested in using Ethiopia as a springboard to reach the U.S. market. This is reflected in the recent growth of Ethiopia’s exports under African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), particularly in the textiles and apparel sector. Taking advantage of the recently-renewed (AGOA) legislation up to 2025, Ethiopia developed a National AGOA Strategy and Action Plan 2019-2025.
As key partners in the strategy development process, ENTAG through the Ethiopian Spice Aromatic and Herbs Growers and Processors Association (ESAHGPA) made valuable contributions to ensure inclusion of spice and herbs on the list of products along with cut flower, edible oil (sesame) and coffee. This is believed to play a vital role in attracting more foreign and local investors to invest in the Ethiopian spice and herbs sector to exploit the 2.4 billion USD spice and herbs market using taking advantage of tax free AGOA.
A consultative workshop was organized on May 31, 2019 at Bahir Dar with the main objective of exploring possible collaboration and partnership among relevant stakeholders for the expansion of the newly constructed fish hatchery facility at the Bahir Dar Fishery and Aquatic Resource Center of Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI). The participants were officials from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, head of the agriculture standing committee of the regional parliament, deputy head of Regional Bureau of Agriculture, director and deputy head of the regional livestock sector development agency, managers of private companies engaged in fishery (aquaculture) including the manager of the Dutch Africa Sustainable Aquaculture (ASA) aquaculture farm at Koka, BENEFIT partnership colleagues from PCU and ENTAG, and researchers from the Bahir Dar Fishery and Aquatic Resource Centre of ARARI.
The overall discussion focused on how to make the fish hatchery facility functional in terms of (i) overall facility management; (ii) having trained staff to run the facility; (iii) ensure the availability of demanded brook stock and water quality management; and (iv) ensure fish feed availability for the hatchery and aquaculture farm owners.
The workshop concluded with identification of roles and responsibilities of relevant stakeholders, which will be overlooked by ARARI. The main actors to engage in the process will be the fishery sector development directorate of the MoA, the regional livestock sector development agency, and the private actors. BENEFIT-ENTAG will explore the possibility of collaboration especially in relation to facilitating experience sharing visits abroad.
“Youth Business Challenge” is an initiative that was developed by ENTAG (Ethiopia-Netherlands Trade for Agriculture Growth) and AgriProFocus in support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Netherlands in Ethiopia. It seeks to promote youth entrepreneurship and bridge the gap between industries and recent university graduates. On February 25, 2019, 19 university graduates organized in five multidisciplinary teams presented their business plan in front of a panel of judges and project partners at the Netherlands (EKN) embassy compound. The judges selected “Production of vermicompost from potato waste” as the wining concept for Seneselet Food Processing PLC and “Feather meal production from by-product of boiler feather” won the concept for Chico Meat factory. The certification process was done by H.E. the Ambassador of the Netherlands Mr. Bengt van Loosdrecht.
The one of a kind project designed to support recent university graduates develop problem solving mentally through training and technical support was tailored towards waste management problems forwarded by the 2 volunteering Dutch companies in agribusiness (Chico Meat and Senselet Food processing Plc). Following the introduction of the programme the five teams presented the following business plans
(i) “Feather meal production from the by-product of broiler feathers” by the Visionaries
(ii) “Production of Vermicompost from Potato waste” by Potato waste processing group
(iii) “Chicken feather for production of pillows” by The Ants
(Iv) “Production of bioplastic and bioethanol from potato waste
(v) “Fidopica feed: A project on waste management from poultry processing by The Optimizers
For the last two months, the teams received several trainings along with discussions with the companies to develop their solutions on how to add value to waste towards circular economy. Prior to the final decision, the groups were given an opportunity to further explain, potential labor opportunities for women and youth, market opportunities, availability of processing products, bases for final product price estimate and also had the opportunity to show their end products.
Ensuring inters are meeting their learning objectives – BENEFIT-ENTAG 2nd midterm internship review meeting
On January 1, 2019, BENEFIT-ENTAG post-graduate internship project held its second midterm review meeting with twenty interns from across four regions. The meeting was organized to evaluate the various activities in the internship programme, address issues to effectively utilize the remaining internship period and contribute towards effective management of the project in the future. The twenty interns are recent BSc and MSc graduates from different universities in agribusiness, horticulture and other agricultural disciplines. Thus far, the project has places over 80 interns with an existing host companies engaged in horticulture, spices, aquaculture etc.
Shitaye Adugna, ENTAG Innovation and Internship Manager who facilitated the meeting presented the objectives as follows
- To evaluate orientation training, learning plan and internship objectives and to analyse its practicality in terms of actual interns’ performances
- To enable interns to effectively utilize the remaining internship period
- To identify problem areas and rectify them
- To provide feedback for effective management of the program in the future
During the first session, the interns shared their experiences working with farmers, coffee quality and processing, marketing agro chemicals and pesticides, conducting environmental and social impact assessment, compost production to increase coffee production, crop management, conducting baseline survey, reviewing corporate social responsibility, laboratory control etc. 90% said they are very happy with their experience while 10% need some support in addressing some issues to ensure their intern experience become fruitful.
- The value of having a well qualified, knowledgeable and skilled supervisor who is willing to give the interns a meaningful learning experience was raised repeatedly. The goal of the project is to give the interns enough exposure and practical experience to build their confidence and enhance their employability. Out of twenty, only three reported lack of proper support from supervisors. Some of the challenges inters faced in this area included
- Supervisors not willing to show interns the different aspects of the business and the tendency to keep them in one area (eg. Production)
- In most cases, supervisors who have lower level of education are intimidated by the inters and are resistance to give their full support to the interns (job security).
- Hard work, good attitude and willingness to learn have more value that education for most companies. Some were even told, if they want to continue working as regular employees they will have to take low salary that might not reflect their educational background. In those circumstances, the interns were advices to continue working until a better opportunity comes up.
- It was noted that to get maximum benefit from the internship experience timing of placement is crucial. Some missed the planting season and started during harvest, limiting their experience in the 4 months given for the internship.
- Distance of field work and lack of proper transport is a challenge raised by those who work closely with farmers.
- Relevance of confidence and networking in securing a job was highlighted.
“In spite of the hardship, the hot and dry weather, and difficulty to reach farmers in remote place, it is very gratifying to see the changes in the lives of the farmers. We learned a lot and have a lot to teach others. I have seen a farmer transform his life within a short period of time and I want to do the same.” Aniyo Yohannes Animal Production Coordinator at Temesgen Retebo Integrated Farm
“I work closely with a person who has over 11 years’ experience in agro chemical and I have learned a lot from him. I did not know much about marketing before, but now I know I am good at it. I go around and talk to farmers to better understand their needs. I can answer questions on crop chemical and pesticides better than those who studied crop production. The best thing I have learned is the value of networking. Whenever opportunities arise, I give my number and ask how I can help.” Wolde Ayano, Sales Officer at Alema Farm
Hikma Sultan, Assistant Internship Coordinator at BENEFIT/ ENTAG “I feel very lucky to have this opportunity. I am placed in a good environment where I can learn a lot. I am getting experience in organizing meetings, budgeting, facilitating payments etc. I am also using the opportunity to network and meet people. What I like the most about working with my supervisor is the fact that I have a weekly learning plan where I get to learn something new every week. Day by day I am more confident I can deliver tasks assigned to me.”
One of the key activities implemented by BENEFIT-ENTAG supports interns with a meaningful experience that enhances their employability and skills through its postgraduate internship programme. Accordingly, the progreamme provided training on entrepreneurship on November 7-9, 2018, at Azzeman Hotel in Addis Ababa. Twenty eight aspiring interns who are currently placed with various agribusiness, horticulture and other agriculture related companies gathered to learn how to recognize business opportunities and become self-reliant by setting up successful businesses.
During the introduction phase it was noted that most of the interns’ knowledge regarding entrepreneurship is limited to a single course taken during their studies, and most have no practical experience. The three day training covered topics on what entrepreneurship means, the relevance of role models, entrepreneurship competencies, social entrepreneurship, profile of an entrepreneur, prerequisite for action, criteria for business opportunities, idea generation and developing business plan. The interns discussed the multiple challenges in the Ethiopian context, such as lack of support, lack of motivation, lack of confidence, market fluctuation, financial constraint, limited managerial, marketing and leadership skills, lack of collaborative efforts etc.
The training provided a dynamic platform where individuals explored their strengths and skills through practical applications and self-examinations. During one of the practical exercises, the interns were grouped to develop business plans in the area of marketing, distribution, vegetable and spice production, poultry and sheep and goats production. They also viewed inspiring videos on entrepreneurs who started small and managed to turn their businesses into big successes.
During the reflection session the interns appreciated the simple and understandable way the training was provided, and agreed that the training encouraging them to think outside the box, build their skills in communication and leadership, strengthen their networking and be more creative in using existing opportunities.
Consultative meeting on food Safety regulatory issues in Ethiopia: highlighting the adverse impact of Afflatoxin contamination
Contributed by Selome Kebede, BENEFIT Senor Communication Officer
Ethio-Neterlands Trade for Agriculture Growth (ENTAG) held a half-day consultative meeting on food safety. The meeting was organized to especially highlight the challenges of afflatoxin in Ethiopia so as to take regulatory and systematic measures in addressing the problem. It was attended by over 25 participants representing government offices, the private sector (processors and exports) and development partners.
The meeting was opened by H.E. Dr. Eyasu Abraha, State Minister of Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources (MoALR), who highlighted aflatoxin is an issue that needs immediate attention and appreciated ENTAG for organizing the meeting to support the various government efforts happening at different levels. He stressed that once the export door is closed it is very challenging to rebuild trust and reopen it. Therefore, a better understanding of the situation is needed to develop strategies and guidelines and put good accountable mechanisms to address the issue on the ground.
In his opening remark Frerik Kampman, Aid and Trade Officer from the Embassy of Kingdom of the Netherlands, also emphasized aflatoxin is a big barrier for trade, and it is important to find systematic measures to resolve the problem. He noted that food safety is increasing becoming an important topic throughout the world, and we should look at the issue not only as a barrier but an opportunity to expand our export market.
During the meeting food safety findings of a study commissioned by ENTAG and conducted by Bahir Dar University was shared. The presentation covered key findings along the five pillars – national food control system, food laws and regulations, food inspection and certification, monitoring and surveillance, and information, education and communication (IEC) and training.
That was followed by presentations from ACOS plc (red kidney) and Fasica Spices plc (paper) who shared their experiences in export rejection due to high level of aflatoxin in their products. They noted that costs associated with rejects including demurrage, customs, sea freight, storage, testing etc. can break a business in just one reject. Other related issues included that there is no provision on how to deal with this kind of issues, lack of awareness, capacity at all levels (especially at the farmers level), lack of infrastructure and post-harvest technologies in the country, absence of accredited testing sites accepted by both sellers and buyers, challenge in motivating farmer to consider food safety, lack of standard on max allowed etc.
Next, the participants were divided to list key strategies / activities for each of the 5 pillars, who should lead the harmonization of these activities around food safety in general and aflatoxin in particular to bring the issue to higher level attention, and who should be part of a potential task force and who should lead it.
At the end, there was an agreement to build a task force led by MoALR to translate/ summarize the suggested strategies from the group work (3-4 pagers) to submit to MoALR for action by July 18, 2018. Members in the task force include representatives from FMHACA, the private sector, Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Authority, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Health and MoALR (to be assigned by Dr. Eyasu). ENTAG will play the facilitation role.
Contributed by Selamawit Firdissa, Gender & Nutrition Expert, BENEFIT
The adverse effect of Aflatoxin and its link to a series of acute/chronic health problems to human and animals (including child stunting), was one of the major findings presented at the sixth BENEFIT-ENTAG Spice, Herbs and Aromatic Sector Platform meeting. The platform meeting that was held on 22 March 2018 at Harmony hotel, mainly focused safety and quality issues, identifying existing challenges related to aflatoxin and explore mitigation strategies to minimize its effect on health and trade.
The focus of the meeting was to raise awareness of aflatoxin challenges in spice and herbs, explore ways to mitigate its destructive effect on health and trade, and build international credibility through implementing strong National Food Control System (NFCS) for domestic market.
At the beginning of the meeting, a study conducted by ENTAG that highlights the current challenges/gaps regarding aflatoxins, its impacts on the domestic and international markets, bottlenecks and root causes of the national food control system was presented.
One of the major findings of the study indicates the relation between aflatoxin consumption and stunted growth. Aflatoxin consumption at early age leads to development delays and increase susceptibility to infectious disease. Ethiopia being one of those countries where malnutrition is an important public health problem, the issue of aflatoxin and its effect on child stunting needs close attention.
The study findings presented indicated the major commodities susceptible for aflatoxin are pepper, ginger, turmeric, and red kidney beans, and the causes focused on traditional practices: on- farm, adulteration, interim storage, transportation, processing and retail. According to the finding high risk of aflatoxin contamination exist during harvest and postharvest practices, drying and storage, adulteration practices by aggregators and traders, water (moisture) addition followed by tight packing, spice processing/exporting with limited space etc.
Major challenges highlighted in the study included that there is no explicit aflatoxin intervention known in Ethiopia, no clear food safety strategy, no explicit farm to table food safety assurance approach, Food Control Management does not follow multiple agency approach with shared vision, and lack of coordination among National quality laboratory regulatory, private sector and other stakeholders, multiple agencies with common mandates.
Key recommendations put forward included to mainstream postharvest issues in organizational structures of MoANR and let positions be occupied by postharvest technologists at every hierarchical stage down to the kebele level; for laboratory facilities improvement and development to promote private laboratories for accredited aflatoxin testing service delivery, including mobile laboratories; and establish delineated markets for selected aflatoxin prone products to reduce adulteration and fraudulent behaviors. Furthermore, it’s indicated that a strong coordination among agencies responsible for Food Control Management as well as development and implementation of food policy and implementation strategy focusing on farm to table are needed to revitalize national food control system in the county.
Contributed by Abebe Ameha, PhD
BENEFIT- ENTAG organized the Fifth Aquaculture Platform Meeting on the role of “Fish for Nutritional Security and Culinary Services” in Ethiopia. The platform meeting was held for half-day on 23rd November 2017 at Azzeman Hotel, Addis Ababa. The overall objective of the program was to promote the role of fish for nutritional security and as a business venture, and encourage fish quality standards as part of the aquaculture value chain in Ethiopia.
The general focus of the meeting was on addressing the various processes in the aquaculture value chain. Specifically, issues were revolving around the nutritional insecurity, preparation of fish food, supply and quality of fish products in Ethiopia.
The Guest of Honor, Mr Hussein Abegaz (Director for FRDD, MoLF) addressed the meeting in his opening speech, with emphasis given on the following message: “The potential for fish production from capture fisheries in Ethiopia is very limited as contrasted with the country’s ever-increasing human population and the high demand for fish. The per capita fish consumption in Ethiopia is less than 500 g. The government of Ethiopia and its partners are trying to develop the fish production and marketing sector through the GTP2. However, at all segments of the fisheries and aquaculture value chain, several challenges are hindering efficient implementation of development programs. Inputs for aquaculture (seed and feed), skilled manpower and financial requirements are the common constraints in the sub-sector. Nutritional requirements for children, women, the elderly and the work force of the country can in part be secured through sustainable aquaculture production systems. Fish culinary services have to develop as a new business venture with improved skills.” Mr Hussein wrapped his message by wishing fruitful deliberations during the panel discussion.
The key messages drawn from the meeting include the following.
- The National Nutrition Policy of Ethiopia by itself is a great achievement in terms of tackling malnutrition problems in many parts of the society. This and other policies alone can’t ensure the final targets of provision of proper nutritional requirements and generation of income. Fish production and post-harvest processes need significant support from the government and the private sector.
- Aquaculture development in Ethiopia requires special incentives from the government, for instance, in terms of tax exemption for imported fish feed. However, establishment of local fish feed processing industries as SMEs and large scale factories will be an ideal way out for this problem.
- Extension work in aquaculture development is currently not enough; this has to be strengthened to the extent where substantial impact can be seen.
- Fish culinary services at hotel and restaurants are regarded as one of the means to promote aquaculture development; in addition, new business opportunities are emerging as fish specialty restaurants.
- The challenges in developing Ethiopian aquaculture are complex and throughout the value chain. Extensive effort is needed to tackle each of the fish production, processing, storage, transport, and cooking activities through skill development and establishing model systems.
- The quantity, type (species) and quality of fish supplied to the end user is low. Nile tilapia and Nile perch are the most common fishes served in hotels and restaurants. More species of fish have to be produced in sufficient quantities and with acceptable quality standards. Fish cooking also has to follow appropriate procedures to maintain the nutritional content of the fish food.
The meeting addressed issues pertaining to aquaculture and fish marketing in the context of the National Nutrition Policy, food quality/standards control, demand/supply, and culinary services in Ethiopia. Oral talks were given by Dr Paulos Getachew, Assistant Professor at the Center for Food Science and Nutrition Research (Addis Ababa University) and Mr Fiseha Sisay, Executive Chef at the International Livestock Research Institute (Addis Ababa). Panel discussion was held with panelists from the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Health, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, and Ethiopian Food, Medicine and Health Administration and Control Authority. Representatives of the Triangular Aquaculture Mission from FAO (Rome), China and the Netherlands addressed the meeting about their aspirations to involve in capacity building programs in Ethiopian aquaculture. Members of the Mission also indicated that they learnt a lot about the status and complex challenges in the aquaculture value chain.
A total of 51 participants attended the meeting, comprising of 19 from private companies, three from PSAs, 6 from government sector organizations, 6 from research and education institutions, 8 from non-government and international organizations, and 9 from ENTAG/BENEFIT.
For more information on BENEFIT-ENTAG 5th round platforms you can find the 5th platforms newsletter on the below link .