Category Archives: REALISE

Vegetable production changing the lives of PSNP farmers in SNNPR Ethiopia

BENEFIT-REALISE Arba Minch University Cluster has been promoting nutrition sensitive agriculture since its inception in 2018. The programme has been supporting Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) beneficiaries by increasing awareness about the importance of nutrition, introducing agricultural technologies, setting up agricultural demonstrations, provision of vegetable seeds, technical support and trainings. The intervention was implemented in four woredas namely; Derashe, Mirab Abaya, Zalla and Kucha of SNNP region, benefiting 160 beneficiaries of which 50% are women and 80% (128) PSNP households.. The effort not only improved the nutritional status of households, but also became a source of income improving the food security of PSNP households. Recent assessment done on randomly selected female participants indicated that in addition to household consumption, they were able to earn 100- 1500Birr in a single production season.

In addition to distribution of provision of seed such as swiss chard, cabbage, beetroot, carrot, Ethiopian kale and 1600 papaya seedlings, food preparation demonstration was conducted to encourage consumption at the vegetables at home. The demonstration that took place in Arguba Tenaho kebele, Derashe Woreda, was a good opportunity to discussion the benefit of balanced diet and show others in the local community the value of the vegetable production.

Birtukan Bururo who lives with her husband and a daughter in Galta kebele said “I was one of the lucky once to be selected to try growing vegetable crops. The programme staff and local development agents brought us different vegetable seeds including beetroot, swiss chard, cabbage and papaya and taught us how to plant the seeds, what to use other inputs and how to care for them. Within a short time, I became a vegetable grower, started feeding my family different kinds of food with diverse nutrition and was able to earn 1500 birr from the sales of beetroot and swiss chard. That is big change and I want to say thank you to those who made this possible!”

Another successful example is related to orange-fleshed sweet potato, not very well known by the community prior to the intervention. The taste and color gained popularity among children and elders very fast. Following the high demand, farmers like Tadese Taye from Derashe woreda are already distributing the vine cuttings to the local community (for about 50 farmers) earning a lot of money, multiplying the rewarding effects of the effort.

Overall, the impact is already visible at many levels. The provision of seeds, training on management and production techniques, close follow up, mentoring and household visits is paying off. The community is aware of the nutritional value and potential benefits of vegetables and households are earning additional income, contributing to the overall food security and well being of the family.

BENEFIT-REALISE Lessons learned: ‘One Timad (0.25ha) package for PSNP households’, a way for food self-sufficiency and resilience building

BENEFIT-REALISE baseline study in the PSNP woredas indicated that productivity of wheat is about 1.6 tons/ha which is a fourth of the potential yield of improved wheat technologies released by the research system. And one of the challenges faced by PSNP households is the costly and unaffordable standardized extension package for wheat designed for 0.5 ha of land. In response the programme developed a wheat extension package for one timad (0.25 hectare) at a cost of 1000 birr (30 USD).

The one timad package was designed with three objectives in mind: (i) to downscale the package size of seed and fertilizer that match the need and capacity of PSNP households; (ii) to provide PSNP farmers access to improved practices through an interest free credit arrangement; and (iii) to minimize risk for farmers in taking up new technologies by introducing proven technologies at the right (small) scale, with adequate hands-on training and follow-up. The pilot also aims the show the need to customize extension packages that meets the need of PSNP farmers with small landholdings.

A total of 60 PSNP client households were selected from Tach Gayint and Enebise Sarmidir woredas to use improved wheat varieties, namely Tay and Qaqaba, with the recommended seed and fertilizer rate and improved agronomic practices on their 0.25ha of land. Small packages (13.5-15 kg) of NPSB fertilizer NPSB and small (12.5) packages of UREA were prepared according to the recommendations, and distributed on credit with cash repayment arrangements.

Yield gain and return on investment

Compared to the baseline and the kebele average productivity of 1.65 t/ha, the pilot in Tach Gayint woreda resulted in a yield of 3.5 t/ha, which is 118.75% increase in productivity of wheat when using compost together with the 1000-birr wheat technology package. It resulted in a yield of 2.53 t/ha, a 58.31% increase, using the 1000-birr package only (without compost). In Enebise Sarmidir woreda, the 1000-birr wheat technology package has resulted in 2.89 t/ha yield, 81.25% yield increase. The small 1000-birr package applied together with compost had the highest return on investment.

Return on investment

In Tach Gayint woreda farmers invested ETB 1662.78 and ETB 1750.66 in Enebise Sarmidir woreda for seed and fertilizer respectively to cover 0.25ha of land. For fertilizer application and planting in a row they used additional labour of two man-day and those who applied compost used an additional two man-day for transporting. The highest Net Return (NR) was obtained with a small package applied with compost followed by the package applied without compost.

Lessons learned

  1.  The small 1000 birr package of improved wheat technology proved to benefit PSNP farmers and similar interventions may result in higher return. The pilot was successful in encouraging farmers to use the recommended seed and fertilizer since it is less costly and the in-kind credit arrangement and suitable repayment period made it possible. The combined push of technology with the necessary hands-on training and follow up enhanced the confidence of the PSNP farmers. In addition, the yield increase on their 0.25ha assured calorie self-sufficiency.
  2. Initially the one timad package was designed for 1000 Birr investment considering that the inorganic fertilizer in the package would be supplemented by application of farm compost. But because of the late approval of the pilot, only 5 farmers in Tach Gayient prepared the farm compost. Hence, the farmers mostly applied inorganic fertilizers.
  3. Initially, there was low interest of stakeholders and participants which delayed process of obtaining legal approval for the down-scaled packaging of fertilizer and seed required.

 

 

 

BENEFIT-REALISE handed over a countrywide 50-meter geomorphic map

BENEFIT-REALISE programme handed over a nationwide 50-meter geomorphic map to stakeholders, including Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), at the workshop held on 9 March 2020. The base map is a tool applicable for soil/land resource mapping, agro-ecological zonation and other biophysical mapping missions. The workshop was attended by 25 participants from various relevant institutions: MoA, Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (EKN), Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia Construction Design and Supervision works (ECDSWC), Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), National Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Alliance Biodiversity-CIAT, GIZ, Ethiopian Geospatial Information institute (EGII), International Soil Reference and Information Center (ISRIC), Wageningen University and Research (WUR), and BENEFIT Partnership (CASCAPE and REALISE).

The workshop was opened by H.E. Dr. Kaba Urgessa, State Minister of MoA, National Resources and Food Security sector. He noted that the biophysical survey and mapping missions require a huge resource and highlighted the relevance of establishing a mechanism to avoid duplication of efforts, ensure coordination and harmonize approaches to efficiently utilize the available limited resources. He also said that generating soil information is one of the major components in the country’s 10 years agriculture strategy and discussions are already underway with development actors and donors to mobilize resource and develop applicable, site and context specific soil maps. He also stated that the Ministry is ready to utilize the countrywide base map developed by BENEFIT-REALISE with technical support from ISRIC. BENEFIT-REALISE programme, involving experts from MoA, is currently conducting surveys to develop 1:50,000 soil/landscape map of 18 woredas using the base map. MoA plans to use this experience to further develop a semi-detailed (1:50,000) soil/landscape maps of 480 woredas in the coming 10 years.

Johan Leenaars from ISRIC presented technical aspects of the map including an overview of geo data, model specifications, 3-D prediction, base map, and geomorphology and soils at different scales. That was followed by a discussion facilitated by Dr. Eyasu Elias, BENEFIT-CASCAPE Manager. During the discussion, the stakeholders appreciated the effort made to develop the countrywide 50-meter geomorphic map, and raised issues related to availability of the base map to stakeholders, precision (ground truth) of the base map, costliness related to the preparation of semi-detailed soil/landscape map, and the importance of overlaying soil/landscape map being prepared by BENEFIT-REALISE with soil fertility map of ATA. Soil Information and Mapping Directorate of MoA expressed its interest to use the base map for developing semi-detailed soil maps in many other woredas. However, support from development partners in building capacity of the MoA in the area is highly needed.

At the end of the workshop Remko Vonk, BENEFIT-REALISE Coordinator from WUR, gave special thanks to all who contributed to this exercise and handed over the countrywide 50-meter geomorphic map on USB to the invited organizations.

If you are interested to access the map, please contact Soil Information and Mapping Directorate at MoA or BENEFIT-REALISE Programme Manager Dr. Tewodros Tefera at amede.tewodros@gmail.com.

 

 

 

 

BENEFIT-REALISE held its annual review and planning meeting

BENEFIT-REALISE held its annual review and planning meeting on Feb 11-13, 2020 at Nexus Hotel in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first two days that included external stakeholders were devoted to reflect on 2019 accomplishments across 8 implementing clusters in four regions, review 2020 work plan, identify areas of collaboration, and agree on the mechanism of institutionalization. Over 50 participants, representing Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) at federal level, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Ethiopia (EKN), Universities, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Southern Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), INGOs, BENEFIT Partnership programme (REALISE, SBN, CASCAPE-CANAG, PCU) from Addis Ababa and WUR attended the meeting. The last day was devoted to revise 2020 plan based on feedback provided and for CLUM (cluster managers) meeting.

Following an introductory session, the programme management team presented 2019 accomplishments, challenges and lessons learned. It was highlighted key success factors for 2019 accomplishments were (i) strong stakeholders’ collaboration at national and regional levels (research, extension, PSNP, NGOs like GRAD, HELVATAS Ethiopia, World Vision etc); (ii) availability of knowledge and different technologies that can be tested for local adaptation (EIAR & RARIs); (iii) existence of knowledge, experience and expertise within BENEFIT programmes; (iv) interest of farmers to use improved agricultural technologies; and (v) team work and commitment of programme staff.

Major challenges raised in 2019 implementation period included late onset, shortage and unpredictable nature of rainfall, pest problem (fall armyworm and locust), shortage of quality seeds for some crops/or varieties, lack of well-established RuSACCo and the fact that many of PSNP beneficiaries are resource poor (landlessness, lack of capital for inputs esp. FHHs). Sufficient time was allocated to discuss on common challenges and possible solutions the programme should consider in the coming year.

The second day was devoted to hearing 2020 plans, that focus on demonstration, pre-scaling and scaling support, woreda plan support, strengthening linkages between seed producers, service providers and markets, provision of evidences to policy makers (policy dialogue, in-depth study report), presentations of evidence-based programme results, developing better strategies for effective engagement of youth in the target woredas, documentation and sharing, and institutionalization process.

Presentations

  1. BENEFIT-REALISE 2019 achievements, focus on 2020’ by Remko Vonk, BENEFIT-REALISE Coordinator from WUR
  2. 2019 progress and objective of the workshop by Dr. Mulugeta Diro, BENEFIT-REALISE Deputy Manager
  3. Segmentation for customized extension: REALISE experience” was given by Dr. Tewodros Tefera, BENEFIT-REALISE Manager
  4. “Extension System in Ethiopia: Refection on current challenges, current reforms and changes, extension package formulation and targeting” was given by Dr. Chimdo Anchala, Senior Director of Production & Productivity, Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA)
  5. “Resilient Seed System: The case of PSNP/REALISE beneficiaries” by Dr. Mulugeta Diro, BENEFIT-REALISE Deputy Manager
  6. “Seed Security for Food Security” by Dr. Amsalu Ayana, BENEFIT ISSD Manager
  7. “Food Security: Consideration for BENEFIT-REALISE” by Ramko Remko Vonk, BENEFIT-REALISE Coordinator

The participants had an opportunity to discuss the value of segmentation in the extension system, how to critically evaluate our intervention’s contribution verses target reaching, meaningful collaboration, training best practices, farmer targeting in scaling activities, target for yield increase, beneficiary reporting, staff retention, seed availability, and strengthening platforms to share experiences that will ultimately contribute to PSNP HHs self-sufficiency.

Promoting Best Fit Practices in Crop Production: The case of BENEFIT-REALISE Mekelle Univesity

The BENEFIT-REALISE programme aims to improve food and nutrition security and build resilience of targeted Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) households. The
programme that started in 2018 works with eight Ethiopian universities as implementing partners, spread across four regional states of Ethiopia – one of them Mekelle University Cluster in Tigray.

The attached brief presents a summary of major activities, testimonies and lessons learned from BENEFIT-RELALISE Mekelle University Cluster experience in 2019. It highlights activities implemented in crowdsourcing, Participatory Varietal Selection (PVS), validation, demonstration, nutrition, pre-scaling, seed multiplication etc. While acknowledging the successes achieved so far this paper also highlights key lesson learned in the implementation process to encourage learning, contributing to knowledge management process to improve further efforts in similar innovations and efforts.

BENEFIT-REALISE held Regional Annual Review and Planning Workshops

BENEFIT-REALISE Programme conducted annual review and planning workshops in  four regions: Tigray (Mekelle University cluster), Amhara (Bahir Dar and Woldia University clusters), Oromia (Arsi, Haramaya and Oda Bultum University clusters) and SNNP (Arba Minch and Hawassa University clusters) of Ethiopia. The eight REALISE University clusters organized the workshops in their respective regions from January 23-February 1, 2020. The objective of these workshops were to create a forum for REALISE to review the performance of 2019 activities and present 2020 work plan for the upcoming budget year. The workshops were relevant to learn about the status of the program, receive feedback to refine 2020 plan and agree on way forward decisions. In attendance were officials from the Regional Bureaus of Agriculture and Zonal and Woreda Offices of Agriculture, Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) of each region, Regional Agricultural Research Institutes and Centers, Affiliate Universities and their respective program’s,  institutional advisors, BENEFIT-REALISE National Program Management Unit team and Cluster Managers and experts.

Detailed reports on the performance of planned activities for 2019, major achievements, challenges faced and lessons learnt were presented. Plenary discussions were conducted on the reports to clarify issues and answer questions raised by stakeholders. In addition, presentations on the 2020 work plan were made by the clusters  and feedback was provided through group discussion with stakeholders.

On conclusion, since 2020 is the last year of implementation for REALISE consensus was reached to focus on documentation of evidence, institutionalization and sustainability to ensure that the lessons learned and evidence generated by the program will be integrated in the formal government operations.

Improved Potato Variety Demonstration Trail Changing the Lives of PSNP Farmers: BENEFIT-REALISE Arba Minch University (AMU)

Ashke Ena, a destitute 35 year-old widow and mother of five children was one of PSNP farmers selected for the BENEIT-REALISE Arba Minch University potato demonstration trail in Bola, Kutcha woreda. Even though she owns 0.125ha of land, she always struggled to feed her family and has been dependent on PSNP for years. Based on the finding of 2018 PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) study, one of the 2019 BENEFIT-REALISE AMU cluster interventions focused on introducing two improved potato varieties with an aim to minimize food gap months and improve the livelihood of the surrounding PSNP farmers. The intervention was successful in closing existing food gaps of selected PSNP farmers, giving them an opportunity to think beyond consumption to selling their produce to earn an income.

The intervention started by setting target criteria for farmer selection process that was shared with the woreda experts. The programme also provided 1qt of each improved potato variety, 0.25 quintal NPS and 0.25 quintal urea for the demonstration trails. With close collaboration with the woreda agronomists, the selected farmers were taught on appropriate agronomic practices to plant Belete variety on 0.0625 ha and Gudene variety 0.0625 ha. The land was prepared in March and row planting was done in April. The first-round weeding took place 15 days after planting and the second in May.

All the hard work paid off and Ashke was able to harvest 44.6 quintals from Belete variety and 33.4 quintals from Gudene variety, a total of 78 quintals. Askhe is very happy with the outcome. With a smile she said, “I earned 26,439Birr (input cost covered by the project) from my produce. With my new income I can make sure there is always food at home, and was able to even send money to my son for graduation. I am ready to replant some of my potatoes next year, applying all what I have learned. TOSA GELETA! Meaning Thank God!” Prior to harvest, farmers from different kebeles visited her farm to see the performance of the varieties and discuss lesson learned in the implementation process.

In addition, following BENEFIT-REALISE key objective of developing best fit practices towards increasing productivity and resilience, BENEFIT-REALISE experts collected necessary data throughout the implementation period to document evidences, address existing challenges (e.g. bacterial wilt, and pest) and influence farming practices for scaling in selected PSNP woredas.

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